Both organophosphate (OP) exposure and bacterial infection notably induce short- and long-term cholinergic responses. These span the central and peripheral nervous system, neuromuscular pathway and hematopoietic cells and involve over-expression of the “readthrough” variant of acetylcholinesterase, AChE-R, and its naturally cleavable C-terminal peptide ARP. However, the causal involvement of these changes with post-exposure recovery as opposed to apoptotic events remained to be demonstrated. Here, we report the establishment of stably transfected cell lines expressing catalytically active human “synaptic” AChE-S or AChE-R which are fully viable and non-apoptotic. In addition, intraperitoneally injected synthetic mouse ARP (mARP) elevated serum AChE levels post-paraoxon exposure. Moreover, mARP treatment ameliorated post-exposure increases in corticosterone and decreases in AChE gene expression and facilitated earlier retrieval of motor activity following both paraoxon and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposures. Our findings suggest a potential physiological role for overproduction of AChE-R and the ARP peptide following exposure to both chemical warfare agents and bacterial LPS.
Adaptive changes in acetylcholinesterase gene expression as mediators of recovery from chemical and biological insults
Link to publication: