The idea of entrainment of neural oscillations to temporal structure has become a central theory for attentional selection in time [1,2]. In our study , we separated unique electroencephalogram (EEG) signatures of oscillatory entrainment to rhythmic streams from those (specifically, inter-trial phase coherence [ITPC]) that overlap with other mechanisms of prediction. Obleser, Henry, and Lakatos’s (OHL’s) comment  highlights important issues regarding the study of entrainment mechanisms. We share OHL’s main message: rhythms may be complex and not necessarily isochronous. In fact, finding a stream devoid of any regularity is challenging. This is probably why entrainment mechanisms are functionally important! Yet we should not see entrainment mechanisms as omnipresent, nor should we render them irrefutable. Below, we reflect on some of OHL’s concerns regarding our study.
Dance to the rhythm, cautiously: Isolating unique indicators of oscillatory entrainment
Authors: Breska, A., Deouell, L.Y.
Year of publication: 2017
Journal: PLOS Biology, 15(9), e2003534
Link to publication: