Human osteogenesis involves differentiation-dependent increases in the morphogenically active 3′ alternative splicing variant of acetylcholinesterase

The extended human acetylcholinesterase (AChE) promoter contains many binding sites for osteogenic factors, including 1,25-(OH)2 vitamin D3 and 17beta-estradiol. In differentiating osteosarcoma Saos-2 cells, both of these factors enhanced transcription of the AChE mRNA variant 3′ terminated with exon 6 (E6-AChE mRNA), which encodes the catalytically and morphogenically active E6-AChE isoform. In contrast, antisense oligodeoxynucleotide suppression of E6-AChE mRNA expression increased Saos-2 proliferation in a dose- and sequence-dependent manner. The antisense mechanism of action was most likely mediated by mRNA destruction or translational arrest, as cytochemical staining revealed reduction in AChE gene expression. In vivo, we found that E6-AChE mRNA levels rose following midgestation in normally differentiating, postproliferative fetal chondrocytes but not in the osteogenically impaired chondrocytes of dwarf fetuses with thanatophoric dysplasia. Taken together, these findings suggest morphogenic involvement of E6-AChE in the proliferation-differentiation balance characteristic of human osteogenesis.

Authors: Grisaru D, Lev-Lehman E, Shapira M, Chaikin E, Lessing JB, Eldor A, Eckstein F, Soreq H.
Year of publication: 1999
Journal: Mol Cell Biol. 1999 Jan;19(1):788-95.

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