The latency of the light response is modulated by the phosphorylation state of Drosophila TRP at a specific site.

Drosophila photoreceptors respond to oscillating light of high frequency (∼100 Hz), while increasing the oscillating light intensity raises the maximally detected frequency. Recently, we reported that dephosphorylation of the light-activated TRP ion channel at S936 is a fast, graded, light-, and Ca2+-dependent process. We further found that this process affects the detection limit of high frequency oscillating light. Accordingly, transgenic Drosophila, which do not undergo phosphorylation at the S936-TRP site (trpS936A), revealed a short time-interval before following the high stimulus frequency (oscillation-lock response) in both dark- and light-adapted flies. In contrast, the trpS936D transgenic flies, which mimic constant phosphorylation, showed a long-time interval to oscillation-lock response in both dark- and light-adapted flies. Here we extend these findings by showing that dark-adapted trpS936A flies reveal light-induced current (LIC) with short latency relative to trpWT or trpS936D flies, indicating that the channels are a limiting factor of response kinetics. The results indicate that properties of the light-activated channels together with the dynamic light-dependent process of TRP phosphorylation at the S936 site determine response kinetics.

Authors
Katz B, Voolstra O, Tzadok H, Yasin B, Rhodes-Modrov E, Bartels JP, Strauch L, Huber A, Minke B.
Year of publication
2017
Journal
Channels (Austin), 11(6):678-685.