The Liver Tumor Segmentation Benchmark (LiTS)

In this work, we report the set-up and results of the Liver Tumor Segmentation Benchmark (LITS) organized in conjunction with the IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) 2016 and International Conference On Medical Image Computing Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI) 2017. Twenty four valid state-of-the-art liver and liver tumor segmentation algorithms were applied to a set of 131 computed tomography (CT) volumes with different types of tumor contrast levels (hyper-/hypo-intense), abnormalities in tissues (metastasectomie) size and varying amount of lesions. The submitted algorithms have been tested on 70 undisclosed volumes. The dataset is created in collaboration with seven hospitals and research institutions and manually reviewed by independent three radiologists. We found that not a single algorithm performed best for liver and tumors. The best liver segmentation algorithm achieved a Dice score of 0.96(MICCAI) whereas for tumor segmentation the best algorithm evaluated at 0.67(ISBI) and 0.70(MICCAI). The LITS image data and manual annotations continue to be publicly available through an online evaluation system as an ongoing benchmarking resource.

Authors
Patrick Bilic, Patrick Ferdinand Christ, Eugene Vorontsov, Grzegorz Chlebus, Hao Chen, Qi Dou, Chi-Wing Fu, Xiao Han, Pheng-Ann Heng, Jürgen Hesser, Samuel Kadoury, Tomasz Konopczynski, Miao Le, Chunming Li, Xiaomeng Li, Jana Lipkovà, John Lowengrub, Hans Meine, Jan Hendrik Moltz, Chris Pal, Marie Piraud, Xiaojuan Qi, Jin Qi, Markus Rempfler, Karsten Roth, Andrea Schenk, Anjany Sekuboyina, Eugene Vorontsov, Ping Zhou, Christian Hülsemeyer, Marcel Beetz, Florian Ettlinger, Felix Gruen, Georgios Kaissis, Fabian Lohöfer, Rickmer Braren, Julian Holch, Felix Hofmann, Wieland Sommer, Volker Heinemann, Colin Jacobs, Gabriel Efrain Humpire Mamani, Bram van Ginneken, Gabriel Chartrand, An Tang, Michal Drozdzal, Avi Ben-Cohen, Eyal Klang, Marianne M. Amitai, Eli Konen, Hayit Greenspan, Johan Moreau, Alexandre Hostettler, Luc Soler, Refael Vivanti, Adi Szeskin, Naama Lev-Cohain, Jacob Sosna, Leo Joskowicz, Bjoern H. Menze
Year of publication
2019
Journal
arXiv preprint